Ghana recycles just 5% of the plastics its population uses. Some of its plastic waste is exported to recyclers abroad, but much of it ends up polluting the country’s coastal and inland waters. To its credit, Ghana’s government recognises the scale of the problem and has been taking action to build the country’s plastics management infrastructure – it regulates single-use plastics and microplastics, incentivises the production and use of sustainable plastics, and enforces rules with financial penalties. These actions help explain why Ghana is the best-performing African country in the index. The report analyses the key gaps in the country’splastics management and identifies opportunities for filling them.